PAR | Psychological Effects of Reality TV
December 27, 2016
The genre known as
became popular in the early 2000s; however, it actually began in 1948 with
The Dating Game
followed in 1965,
in 1980, and
in 1989. The 2000s gave us action reality shows like
The Amazing Race,
and dating shows like
Who Wants to Marry a Multi-Millionaire
. Talent competition shows later emerged, with shows like
Dancing With the Stars
. Finally, an abundance of celebrity reality shows began, featuring people like Donald Trump, Tyra Banks, and the Kardashians.
Psychologists Steven Reiss and James Wiltz conducted a
called “Why People Watch Reality TV.” They asked 239 adults to rate how much they watched and enjoyed reality shows. They also had participants rate themselves on 16 basic motivations, which influence what people pay attention to and what they choose to do. However, basic motivations must continually be satisfied: once a person has eaten, hunger re-emerges; a person who enjoys arguing might pick a fight after a few days of no conflict. This theory suggests that people continually watch reality shows that satisfy their most important needs. The study also revealed status as a primary motivation for watching reality TV. Reiss and Wiltz concluded, “The more status-oriented people are, the more likely they are to view reality television and report pleasure and enjoyment.”
People watch reality shows for many reasons. Some are merely interested in the topic of the show; others enjoy getting a peek behind the scenes of a celebrity’s life. Reality shows answer questions such as: What is it like to participate in daring escapades? What is it like to win cash? What’s required to keep your home decluttered? How do you plan a wedding? What is it like to sing or dance in front of millions? Reality TV is also a way to escape the problems of life or fantasize about being famous. After all, the people on these shows often seem like normal, down to earth people. If they can be in the spotlight, if they can be rich, maybe someday we can be as well.
Although watching reality TV can be highly entertaining, an article on
cautions that watching such shows can impact real-life behavior. The constant intake of drama and negativity might not be healthy for viewers. Psychologist Bryan Gibson concluded that watching shows with high aggression can make people more aggressive in their real lives. This may be a good reason to avoid or at least limit watching shows with high levels of negative drama and violence.
What do you think about the effects of reality TV? PAR wants to hear from you, so leave your comments below.
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The Best Customer Service in the Test Publishing Industry… Seriously.
December 20, 2016
You may know that PAR prides itself on providing the best Customer Service in the industry, but you may not know that this goes far beyond simply providing support when ordering! PAR’s Customer Support team prides themselves on going above and beyond. Every now and then, however, they truly outdo themselves. Here are a few examples of just how incredible our Customer Support team can be—and how seriously they take Customer satisfaction! Here are two recent stories from our Customer Support team.
Baby on board
Earlier this fall, a Customer called in with a question. During the conversation, she mentioned she was extremely pregnant. The Customer Support Specialist who took the call included a PAR bodysuit for the baby in the Customer’s package!
Brazil and beyond
At a recent convention, a Customer from Brazil came to the booth, hoping to take a copy of the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children kit home with him. Because the Customer was concerned with the customs process and the cost of shipping to Brazil, the PAR representative was able to call the order in to our office and have the kit sent overnight to the hotel where the conference was being held. The Customer was able to pick up the kit and take it home with him to Brazil!
Have you experienced our top-notch Customer Service yourself? Share your story with us in the comments.
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New! RAIT-NV helps evaluate intelligence in individuals with limited English-language skills
December 13, 2016
From the author of the
Reynolds Adaptable Intelligence Test (RAIT)
can help you quickly evaluate nonverbal, or fluid, intelligence. Ideal for administration with individuals with limited or no language skills, the RAIT-NV reduces confounds found in other nonverbal intelligence measures.
Can be administered individually or in group format. May be used in human resource and related industrial settings, schools, juvenile and adult justice systems, and clinical practices, especially where nonverbal reasoning skills are a premium.
Is designed to provide continuity across wide age span.
Was examined rigorously to be free of gender and ethnic bias, reducing gender and ethnicity as confounds, particularly important for use with English as a Second Language (ESL) students and adults.
Learn more about the
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Now available! The Iowa Gambling Task, Version 2!
December 6, 2016
Iowa Gambling Task™, Version 2 (IGT™2)
is a computerized assessment that assists in the evaluation of decision making. The IGT2 is ideal for assessing patients who exhibit poor decision-making skills in the presence of otherwise normal or unaffected intelligence because of head injury or insult or any other condition thought to impact the function of the prefrontal cortex.
This updated edition features a downward age extension that makes the IGT2 usable throughout the life span, from ages 8 to 79 years.
The IGT2 is:
Administered on a computer.
The program generates a Score Report and
-score and raw score profiles as soon as the examinee has completed the task. Two export formats are available.
Customized to your needs.
Optional settings can be customized to your needs, including number of trials, intertrial intervals, type of currency, and starting amount of money.
Normative scores are produced automatically, allowing the examiner to compare scores to those of a demographically corrected or U.S. Census-matched sample.
Now featuring extended normative data!
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